Questioner: Regarding the prayer in the second rak’ah, if, ya’ni, for example, you’re sitting, or you stood up from rukoo’ in the second rak’ah of [your] Sunnah prayers, and the iqaamah for the [fard] prayer has been said, should you cut off your prayer or complete it, [a prayer of which you are in] the second rak’ah after rukoo’ or you just stood up from rukoo’?
Al-Albaani: … if you think that you will be able to catch the opening takbeer [of the fard prayer] with the Imaam [even] if you complete your prayer, then you complete it, and if not then you break it.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 529.
Also refer to this post.
Questioner: As regards the Jumu’ah prayer, the mu’addhin gives the adhaan, then one prays the two rak’ah Sunnahs of Jumu’ah, is that allowed or not?
Al-Albaani: [You said], ‘Is it allowed?’ what are you referring to?
Questioner: The two rak’ahs …
Al-Albaani: There are no Sunnah [rak’ahs] for Jumu’ah [prayer], Yaa akhi. The Jumu’ah Sunnah prayers which are well-known today amongst many people have no basis in the Sunnah, why?
I will relate a hadith from Sahih Bukhaari to you, the most authentic book after the Book of Allaah, with an authentic chain of narration from as-Saa’ib ibn Yazeed who said the adhaan in the time of the Prophet ﷺ was the first adhaan only, when the Prophet ﷺ would ascend the minbar the mu’addhin would give the adhaan, when he finished the Prophet ﷺ would stand up and deliver the sermon. There was no room for Sunnah prayers before Jumu’ah …
… the Sunnah on Jumu’ah that a Muslim must stick to is to go to the mosque early, the earlier the better, due to his saying ﷺ, “Whoever goes during the first hour, then it is as though he has offered a camel as a sacrifice to seek the Pleasure of Allah, and he who goes at the second hour is like one who offers a cow to win the Pleasure of Allah, and he who comes at the third hour is like one who offers a ram with horns (in sacrifice) and he who comes at the fourth hour is like one who offers a hen, and he who comes at the fifth hour is like one who offers an egg,” so the earlier he is the better.
[So when he does finally] enter the mosque, whether it is early or later, he prays two rak’ahs, four, six, eight, without a limit, because these are called optional prayers [naafilah], these are not Sunnah prayers which the Prophet ﷺ specified, no, and that’s why he ﷺ said in an authentic hadith, “Whoever takes a bath on Friday, and bathes completely, and goes early, arriving early, and then prays as much as he wants, then sits close to the Imaam, and listens to him … except that he is forgiven whatever was between that Jumu’ah and the one after it.”
So this person who enters the mosque on Friday can pray as much as he is able to and according to how much energy he has, and how much time.
But as for what happens nowadays then that has no basis in the Sunnah at all. And that which happens nowadays … how did two adhaans come about?
In the time of ’Uthmaan ibn ’Affaan, Medinah expanded as its residents increased. When the Prophet ﷺ first migrated to Medinah it was like a village/small town naturally, Islaam spread and the Companions started to come and take up residence there bit by bit. In the time of ’Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, ya’ni, during his khilaafah, Medinah, maa shaa Allaah, became a city, the capital of the Islamic state, and an idea came to him, and how good an idea it was, considering that even until today, as you know, Jumu’ah is only prayed in the Prophet’s Mosque, [this has changed now], they were like that in the time of the Prophet ﷺ, and Abu Bakr and ’Umar and ’Uthmaan … but due to the the expansion of the buildings in Medinah the people who were outside Medinah and in the market called Az-Zawraa couldn’t hear the adhaan in the Prophet’s Mosque, so he made an adhaan there, so let us now [for argument’s sake] call this, ‘The second adhaan.’
… the first adhaan is the one which the Prophet ﷺ established, and this [other] one is called the second adhaan because ’Uthmaan brought it after the first but he didn’t do so except for the people in the market to be able to hear that Jumu’ah prayer’s time has arrived, and that yallah, ‘Come to prayer,’—[so to reiterate] where did ’Uthmaan place this second adhaan? In the market, a well-known place in the books of hadith called, ‘Az-Zawraa.’
It carried on like this up until the time of Hishaam ibn ’Abdul-Malik al-Amawi, it seemed an idea to him to move the adhaan from Az-Zawraa to the mosque, and from that day the situation changed.
And as time passed, a gap appeared between the two adhaans and the people filled it with what they call, ‘The Sunnah prayers anterior to Jumu’ah,’ and these Sunnah prayers done before Jumu’ah have no validity, because in his time, the Prophet, as I told you occurs in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, used to leave his home and ascend the minbar and Bilaal would give the adhaan and when he would finish the adhaan the Prophet ﷺ would start the khutbah, there was no place for two Sunnah rak’ahs let alone four …
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 3.
Questioner: … but today I prayed in a mosque in Al-Ashrafiyyah by my father’s house, everyone got up to pray except me, I stayed sitting, I stayed sitting and everyone else got up to pray, I had [already] prayed six rak’ahs … ya’ni before Jumu’ah and then sat down, [but] when they gave the adhaan all of them stood up and prayed [what they incorrectly think are the two Sunnah rak’ahs that one does after the adhaan] except me, they found what I did strange …
Al-Albaani: Inshaa Allaah, you’ll have been added to the strangers [al-ghurabaa] …
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 253.
Questioner: In the eed and janaazah prayers, is it prescribed to raise one’s hands with the takbeers?
Al-Albaani: No, it’s not legislated.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 428.
The Imaam said, “It is not allowed for an individual Muslim to take it upon himself to execute a ruling which is not under the jurisdiction of individuals but rather that of the rulers, and if the rulers fall short—as, unfortunately, is the case in this time—in carrying out this obligation, then that does not permit an individual Muslim to go and carry it out.”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 282.
Questioner: The Sunnah prayer before Jumu’ah?
Al-Albaani: There’s no basis for it.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 253.
Please read this post for a detailed explanation.
Questioner: O Shaikh, for example, a person who declares the Companions to be disbelievers, for example, he says that Yazeed ibn Mu’aawiyah is a faasiq or a faajir and likewise his father, ya’ni, is such a person a disbeliever [due to what he said] or a faajir or a faasiq?
Al-Albaani: It differs, Yaa akhi, according to the person: is he ignorant, is he a scholar, has the proof been established against him from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Prophet ﷺ, is he someone who is obstinate [in his opinion], is he someone who has misinterpreted [the texts]? All of these things prevent the people of knowledge from [both] rushing to call him a disbeliever or from rushing to state that he is not a disbeliever. All of these checks have to be implemented so that after them we will have the ability to state whether he is a disbeliever or not.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 342.
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The Imaam said, “… as for the person who clings to the Sunnah, new doubts [that arise] don’t affect him.”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 6.
Questioner: Up until when is ishaa time?
Al-Albaani: Up until half of the night [has passed], since that has been clearly stated in Sahih Muslim, from the hadith of ’Abdullah ibn ’Amr ibn al-’Aas, who said, “Allaah’s Prophet ﷺ said, ‘And the time for al-Ishaa is until half the night has passed.’”
[It’s time] is not until the true fajr appears for there is no proof for that even if some of the Imaams say so, because that goes against this authentic hadith, “And the time for al-Ishaa is until half the night has passed.”
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 97.
Questioner: In Leningrad there are about four months where the night is very long, it goes to about twenty hours, and the day is about four hours long, and vice versa, so how is the prayer [to be performed]?
Al-Albaani: They estimate the prayer times in accordance with the closest city/country to them in which the sun rises and sets in a normal manner.
But I will say something [to clarify the above]: the answer [I just gave] is for a country where it’s not possible for the five [prayer] times to be expected to be seen even if they are close—if these five prayer times cannot be realised then the answer is as I mentioned just now, they estimate the five times in accordance with the closest city/country to them in which the five times are [clearly] present.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 57.
“It was narrated that Talhah bin Musarrif said, ‘I asked ’Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa, ‘Did the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ leave a will?’ He said, ‘No.’ I said, ‘Why is making a will prescribed for the Muslims, or why are they commanded to make wills?’ He said, ‘His final will was to adhere to the Book of Allaah.’’” [Muslim, The Book of Wills, no. 4227]
“I [i.e., al-Albaani] say: i.e., to act according to what is in it and to judge by it when disputes occur, and this great will has become virtually nullified amongst the masses of Muslims today—as for their rulers, then they have turned away from acting according to it and have followed the laws laid down by the disbelievers, and as for their public, then they refuse to judge according to it in disputed issues and have [instead] taken to the opinions of men and their madhhabs, becoming content with reciting it in their houses and over the graves of their deceased, for blessing.
So to Allaah we complain and from Him do we seek aid.”
Mukhtasar Saheeh Muslim, p. 259.
Questioner: A brother says, I missed the ’asr prayer and maghrib time started, which of the two should I pray? Ya’ni, he went to the mosque and they were about to pray maghrib?
Al-Albaani: If he missed ’asr because of one of the two legislated reasons, i.e., sleep or having forgotten, then he prays ’asr before maghrib. As for if he missed ’asr without one of these two excuses, then there is no place for him to pray it, neither before maghrib or after it.
Questioner: But what’s meant, O Shaikh, ya’nee, that he prays maghrib [with the Jamaa’ah] with the intention of ’asr?
Al-Albaani: What else? I’ve already answered you, may Allaah bless you, he prays it before maghrib. When I say: he prays it before maghrib it’s obvious that [I meant that] he prays ’asr, but with the condition that he had forgotten to pray it or overslept—as for if he was preoccupied with his business and merchandise, or [absorbed in] play and amusement and so on, then he has missed the prayer and there is no chance for him to repeat it, neither before maghrib or after it.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 259.
Questioner: A father who doesn’t pray, he wants to force his daughter who is practicing to marry a guy who doesn’t pray, so the daughter went ahead and disobeyed her father and left the home and married a practising man with the agreement of, ‘the person charged with authority over the affairs of the Muslims [‘Walee Amr al-Muslimeen’],’ in that area, so what is the ruling about that marriage?
Al-Albaani: How is, ‘the person charged with authority over the affairs of the Muslims [‘Walee Amr al-Muslimeen’],’ her walee? Is it possible for you to explain the picture further?
Questioner: It’s about Britain, O Shaikh of Ours.
Al-Albaani: The, ‘Walee Amr al-Muslimeen,’ in Britain.
Questioner: There are people in authority [umaraa], O Shaikh of Ours, in different areas in the UK, they undertake the supervision of the affairs of the Muslims as regards Islamic centres and marriage contracts and affairs such as these, so she got married through this man and refused to marry through her father who doesn’t pray to someone who doesn’t pray.
Al-Albaani: We like this refusal and hold it to be incumbent—but the other problem is [still] there, which is for her to marry without the permission of her walee when the Prophet ﷺ said, “And if there is any dispute then the ruler is the guardian of the one who does not have a guardian.”
So I want to see the, ‘Walee al-Muslimeen,’ [of Britain] as you termed him—and [when you said that] the mind wandered off thinking, ‘Where is this Walee al-Muslimeen and in which country?’
And lo [and behold] he is in Britain.
So these people who are there, who have propped themselves up as those in authority [umaraa]—in your opinion are they scholars?
Questioner: Students of knowledge, O Shaikh.
Al-Albaani: In this situation I say that a Muslim girl must ask someone whose knowledge she trusts, presenting her story to that scholar, whether he [i.e., that scholar] is in the east or the west, [asking], ‘What is the solution that you have? My father wants me to marry a non-Muslim man or someone who is a faasiq at the very least, and a religious, practicing person has proposed to me …’ and so on, ‘What should I do?’
So this scholar who [really] is a scholar and who is from those people who are in authority according to the text of the Noble Quran [see Surah Nisaa 4:59], it is possible that he can permit her to marry—[but] I fear about those who you initially referred to with that inflated statement [of yours, i.e., when he called them, ‘the person charged with authority over the affairs of the Muslims [‘Walee Amr al-Muslimeen’]] and then you brought it down a little by saying they were ‘those in authority’ … and these ones ‘in authority’ have propped themselves up, no one put them there—and such a situation results in many evils and much fitnah.
And I am virtually certain that they speak about many issues which they come across there without knowledge—because they, as you said, are students of knowledge—and what knowledge have they acquired? Maybe he has a degree or a doctorate in some sciences—and then he goes and sits in those alien lands and lands of disbelief, expanding what he knows a little.
So what is important is that this issue needs caution and restraint and that it is not rushed, such that we get rid of one problem only to fall into another, ‘We were in the rain and then ended up under the drain,’ as they say—the father orders her to marry a disbeliever or a faasiq, it isn’t allowed for her to obey him but it also isn’t allowed for her to marry herself off. She must take her case to a Muslim ruler/judge [haakim], and it is this haakim who will marry her off—and these people [you mentioned] are not haakims.
Questioner: If they got someone to write to you, O Shaikh of ours, if they wrote to you, so that you could write an answer for them, inshaa Allaah.
Al-Albaani: No. I’m not from them, they write to the one who judges and passes judgement between the people—I can give a fatwa but I do not adjudicate.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 542.